Fungi are not always the culprit

In this article we evaluate the common mistakes people make in concluding they have fungus. We also see how to identify actual fungus and infections.

For instance, when people become aware of spots on their toenails, they often leap to the conclusion that the culprit is toenail fungus. However tempting it may be to assume this, it’s useful to note that this is not always the case.

It might not be toe nails  

There are many explanations and much to ponder and consider. For instance, the discoloration of nails may be due to an impact on the nail which is called a trauma. In the after event of this type of shock, many times, a non-fugal corresponding bruise can appear.

Pinch yourself, you may not have nail infection

Another red herring could be simple blood blisters. These are usually dark marks on the skin which are usually no more than a few millimetres across. They are prone to appear directly after, a severe pinch to the skin. Many people get these blisters through trapping fingers in doors or hammering their fingers instead of a nail. They can also be related to a bruise or some kind of repeated friction.

Looking elsewhere away from fungus

Other things to consider before a fungal diagnosis is settled upon are things like warts, or even subungual melanoma, a type of skin cancer.

The safest course of action for people worried by toe and fingernail irregularities is always to get the problem checked out by a medical professional

So, what are the signs of fungal infections related to toenails?

Types of Toenail Fungal Infections

The more frequent and sustained manifestations of toenail fungal infection tend to include things such as discoloration of the nail. This can comprise a yellowing of the nails or even sometimes manifest and show dark brown or blackish areas. These marks are usually the signs of what is known medically as Onychomycosis.

Deformation of a nail character

People’s toes can also show deformations and irregularities in the nails. There is also a definite possibility that people can present some kind of nail thickening. Many folks also experience characteristic pain due to this thickening and nail deformity pressing down into the toe.

There are 5 sub-categories of fungal infections in toenails these are:

Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

This type of infection can be thought as the most frequently occurring form of the problem. It mostly gets to work at the tips of nails and below the nail itself. The classic ways in which Distal Subungual Onychomycosis displays is through nails that are thick, yellow, or even brittle.

Endonyx Onychomycosis

People with Endonyx Onychomycosis have a slightly different visual set of signs. Their fungus actually grows in between the layers of their toenails.

This means that their toenails can display a pitted texture on and can also be susceptible to splits. The apparent coloration is often a sort of milky white and this time their nails do not feature thickening or loosening from the nail bed.

Proximal White Subungual Onychomycosis

This is a rarer form of toenail infection. This kind of fungus frequently attacks people with compromised immunity such as those with HIV. The manner in which this fungus enters the body can be through the toenail via the cuticle. It produces a light creamy hue effect on the toenail and usually takes hold nearer to the nail base.

White Superficial Onychomycosis

With this type of fungus, the nail often becomes soft and is frequently crumbly in texture. Interestingly, this is a less common form of toenail fungus. Surprisingly, it occurs in people who are seemingly and apparently healthy. Its modus operandi is to form in the top or superficial layers of toenails. People with the condition will identify opaque, white areas on their nails. Ultimately, this fungus may eventually spread out to cover the whole nail.

Candida Infection

This variety of fungus is more prevalent in fingernails compared with other forms of infection. Candida has achieved a high level of notoriety as this fungus is also frequently associated with vaginal yeast infection. However, this fungus also exists on the skin. So, it’s easy for a person to become infected because it can enter the skin through a fissure around a nail. When this happens people regularly notice swelling and infection. It’s also not uncommon for a nail to thicken and also become dislodged from the bed of the nail. This is particularly so when there has been an infection for a long time.